La inteligencia artificial en biomedicina

Oportunidades y desafíos


  • Guillermo Prol Castelo Barcelona Supercomputing Center
  • Beatriz Urda Barcelona Supercomputing Center
  • Iker Núñez Carpintero Barcelona Supercomputing Center
  • Davide Cirillo Barcelona Supercomputing Center
  • Alfonso Valencia Barcelona Supercomputing Center ; ICREA - Institució Catalana de Recerca i Estudis Avançats



“¿Las máquinas pueden pensar?”. Esta pregunta se la formuló Alan Turing1, considerado como el padre de la computación, ya en el año 1950 (Turing, 1950). Al mismo tiempo, formuló un pequeño juego al que acuñó el nombre de “juego de las imitaciones”. El juego consiste en que una persona A interactúa con una máquina B y una persona C, e intentará adivinar cuál de ellos es la máquina. A no tiene acceso visual ni sonoro a B ni a C: sólo se puede comunicar a través de una terminal con ambas. El nombre de “imitación” se refiere a que la máquina B intentará replicar el comportamiento de la persona C. Este juego ha pasado a conocerse como el Test de Turing, que además ha extendido la idea básica del juego de las imitaciones: ¿podemos distinguir entre una persona y una máquina, por ejemplo, durante una conversación por mensajes de texto? ¿Y durante una llamada telefónica? Puede que un día tengamos incluso que preguntarnos si podemos distinguir a una persona de un robot.


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Cómo citar

Prol Castelo, G., Urda, B., Núñez Carpintero, I., Cirillo, D., & Valencia, A. (2022). La inteligencia artificial en biomedicina: Oportunidades y desafíos. Ambiociencias, (20), 7–21.