Time-motion analysis in elite female Wushu Sanda athletes according to competitive phases and weight categories





Wushu sanda, kung fu, time-motion analysis, martial arts, combat sports


Introduction: Wushu Sanda is a Chinese combat sport. Objective: To measure the time-motion structure of elite female wushu sanda athletes during the 13th World Wushu Championships in different weight divisions (light, middle, and heavy categories) and competition phases (eliminatory, quarterfinals, semifinals and finals). Material and methods: Fifty-five female athletes from 31 countries participated in 46 matches during the competition. All 46 matches, accounting 95 rounds, 35 in light, 25 in middle and 35 in heavyweight divisions, took part in the study. Matches were analyzed using the software Kinovea™. Each match was reproduced in slow motion (50%) twice; therefore, one athlete was observed each time to ensure that all activities would be registered, totalizing 92 observations (46 matches, 2 observations per match). We registered the time in observation, preparation, interaction, effort, pause, high-intensity and low-intensity activities. Results: Descriptive data showed an effort:pause ratio of 2.2:1, a high:low intensity efforts ratio of 1:1.3, and mean observation-preparation-interaction times of 4.5-1.2-4.2 seconds. When comparing by weight category, heavyweight categories had higher total fighting time per round than the light and middle categories. Also, heavyweight categories had longer preparation and interaction mean-time; and referee interruption time frequency, total and mean times than the light and middle categories. Total pause time was also higher for heavyweights. According to the competitive phase, semifinal matches had shorter observation times than eliminatory and final matches. Also, semifinal matches had lower low-intensity time than quarterfinals and finals. Conclusions: Wushu sanda is an intermittent combat sport, and female athletes present some time-motion differences according to weight division and competitive phase.


Download data is not yet available.

Métricas alternativas

Author Biography

Breno Berny Vasconcelos, Federal University of Pelotas

Physical Education College


Andreato, L. V., Julio, U. F., Gonçalves Panissa, V. L., Del Conti Esteves, J. V., Hardt, F., Franzói de Moraes, S. M., … Franchini, E. (2015). Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu Simulated Competition Part II. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 29(7), 2015–2025. doi: https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0000000000000819

Artioli, G. G., Gualano, B., Franchini, E., Batista, R. N., Polacow, V. O., & Lancha, A. H. (2009). Physiological, Performance, and Nutritional Profile of the Brazilian Olympic Wushu (Kung-Fu) Team. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 23(1), 20–25. doi: https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0b013e318187687a

Barbas, I., Fatouros, I. G., Douroudos, I. I., Chatzinikolaou, A., Michailidis, Y., Draganidis, D., … Taxildaris, K. (2011). Physiological and performance adaptations of elite Greco-Roman wrestlers during a one-day tournament. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 111(7), 1421–1436. doi: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00421-010-1761-7

Branco, B. H. M., Massuça, L. M., Andreato, L. V., Marinho, B. F., Miarka, B., Monteiro, L., & Franchini, E. (2013). Association between the Rating Perceived Exertion, Heart Rate and Blood Lactate in Successive Judo Fights (Randori). Asian Journal of Sports Medicine, 4(2). doi: https://doi.org/10.5812/asjsm.34494

Chang, B. C. (2013). On Women Sanda athletes using wrestling techniques in 2012 Shanxi Wushu Championships. Wushu Science, 10(4), 59–61.

Del Vecchio, F. B., Antunez, B., & Bartel, C. (2016). Time-motion analysis and effort-pause relationship in taekwondo combats: a comparison of competitive levels. Brazilian Journal of Kinanthropometry and Human Performance, 18(6), 648. doi: https://doi.org/10.5007/1980-0037.2016v18n6p648

Del Vecchio, F. B., Hirata, S. M., & Franchini, E. (2011). A Review of Time-Motion Analysis and Combat Development in Mixed Martial Arts Matches at Regional Level Tournaments. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 112(2), 639–648. doi: https://doi.org/10.2466/05.25.pms.112.2.639-648

Hughes, M., & Franks, I. (2007). The Essentials of Performance Analysis: An Introduction. New York: Routledge.

International Olympic Committee. (2015a). History of Boxing at the Olympic Games. Retrieved from http://www.olympic.org/Assets/OSC Section/pdf/QR_sports_summer/Sports_olympiques_boxe _eng.pdf

International Olympic Committee. (2015b). JUDO: History of Judo at the Olympic Games. Retrieved from http://www.olympic.org/Assets/OSC Section/pdf/QR_sports_summer/Sports_Olympiques_judo_eng.pdf

International Olympic Committee. (2015c). WRESTLING: History of Freestyle Wrestling at the Olympic Games. Retrieved from http://www.olympic.org/Assets/OSC Section/pdf/QR_sports_summer/Sports_Olympiques_lutte_libre_eng.pdf

International Olympic Committee. (2015d). WRESTLING: History of Greco-Roman Wrestling at the Olympic Games. Retrieved from http://www.olympic.org/Assets/OSC Section/pdf/QR_sports_summer/Sports_Olympiques_lutte_gréco_romaine_eng.pdf

International Wushu Federation. (2014). Wushu Official Publication of International Wushu Federation 2014. Retrieved from http://www.iwuf.org/upload/2015/0316/0f564a4f0fa70f432bf17bbf278a7629a1b45871.pdf

International Wushu Federation. (2015a). 13th World Wushu Championships (2015) - Jakarta, Indonesia - Sanda Results. Retrieved from http://www.iwuf.org/upload/2015/1207/Sanda results-13th WWC.pdf

International Wushu Federation. (2015b). REGULATIONS: 13th World Wushu Championships Jakarta, Indonesia November 11th-18th 2015. Retrieved from http://www.iwuf.org/upload/2015/0203/db07b8844ed025d6874ecce6aead7d474704acb4.pdf

International Wushu Federation. (2017). Wushu Sanda Competition Rules & Judging Method. Retrieved from http://www.iwuf.org/wp-content/uploads/2018/12/IWUF-Wushu-Sanda-Competition-Rules-Judging-Method-2017.pdf

Miarka, B., Cury, R., Julianetti, R., Battazza, R., Julio, U. F., Calmet, M., & Franchini, E. (2014). A comparison of time-motion and technical–tactical variables between age groups of female judo matches. Journal of Sports Sciences, 32(16), 1529–1538. doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2014.903335

Miarka, B., dal Bello, F., Brito, C. J., & Amtmann, J. (2018). Technical-tactical ratios by round, genders and weight division of mixed martial arts for training. International Journal of Performance Analysis in Sport, 18(1), 78–89. doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/24748668.2018.1447210

Miarka, B., Del Vecchio, F. B., Julianetti, R., Cury, R., Camey, S., & Franchini, E. (2016). Time-motion and tactical analysis of Olympic judo fighters. International Journal of Performance Analysis in Sport, 16(1), 133–142. doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/24748668.2016.11868876

Miarka, B., Marques, J. B., & Franchini, E. (2011). Reinterpreting the History of Women’s Judo in Japan. The International Journal of the History of Sport, 28(7), 1016–1029. doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/09523367.2011.563633

Miarka, B., Panissa, V. L. G., Julio, U. F., Del Vecchio, F. B., Calmet, M., & Franchini, E. (2012). A comparison of time-motion performance between age groups in judo matches. Journal of Sports Sciences, 30(9), 899–905. doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2012.679675

Ouergui, I., Hssin, N., Haddad, M., Franchini, E., Behm, D. G., Wong, D. P., … Bouhlel, E. (2014). Time-Motion Analysis of Elite Male Kickboxing Competition. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 28(12), 3537–3543. doi: https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0000000000000579

Pasque, C. B. (2009). Women in Combat Sports. In R. Kordi, N. Maffulli, R. R. Wroble, & W. A. Wallace (Eds.), Combat Sports Medicine (p. 135‐149). London: Springer‐Verlag.

Ribeiro, J. L., de Castro, B. O. S. D., Rosa, C. S., Baptista, R. R., & Oliveira, A. R. (2006). Heart rate and blood lactate responses to changquan and daoshu forms of modern wushu. Journal of Sports Science & Medicine, 5(CSSI), 1–4.

Silva, J. J. R., Del Vecchio, F. B., Picanço, L. M., Takito, M. Y., & Franchini, E. (2011). Time-Motion analysis in Muay-Thai and Kick-Boxing amateur matches. Journal of Human Sport and Exercise, 6(3), 490–496. doi: https://doi.org/10.4100/jhse.2011.63.02

Tabben, M., Coquart, J., Chaabène, H., Franchini, E., Ghoul, N., & Tourny, C. (2015). Time-motion, tactical and technical analysis in top-level karatekas according to gender, match outcome and weight categories. Journal of Sports Sciences, 33(8), 841–849. doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2014.965192

Ultimate Fighting Championship. (2020). Unified rules and other important regulations of Mixed Martial Arts. Retrieved from http://media.ufc.tv/discover-ufc/Unified_Rules_MMA.pdf

Vasconcelos, B. B., & Del Vecchio, F. B. (2017). Wushu Sanda: Color bias, home advantage and motor actions analysis in female matches’ from the 13th World Championships. Revista de Artes Marciales Asiáticas, 12(1), 1. doi: https://doi.org/10.18002/rama.v12i1.4858




How to Cite

Vasconcelos, B. B., & Vecchio, F. B. D. (2021). Time-motion analysis in elite female Wushu Sanda athletes according to competitive phases and weight categories. Revista de Artes Marciales Asiáticas, 16(1), 1–11. https://doi.org/10.18002/rama.v16i1.6330