Neto and Giadán: The Last Two Spanish in the Qing Dynasty
Keywords:China History, Self-Strengthening Movement, Xinhai Revolution, Paul Splingaerd, Republic of China, Diplomatic Relations Between Spain and China, Rio Tinto Company, Hexi Corridor, Silk Road, Gansu, Wai Chiao Pu, Bessemer process.
The present article examines the claim that
Manuel Giadán Ruiz and Jose Antonio Neto
González, Copper foundry workers, former
employees of Rio Tinto Company Limited in
Huelva, against the Government of the Republic
of China in 1912 for breach of contract of the
Imperial Copper Works. This enterprise was
owned by the Gansu Provincial Government.
Through this claim we can observe the causes of
the failure of the modernization attempts
carried out by the “Westernization Movement”
in late Qing times; and also we can see the
causes of frustration of Xinhai Revolution and
the beginnings of the Republic of China. In
particular, the “Neto and Giadan Claim” shows
how the nascent Republic of China is unable to
shake off the exploitation to which China was
subject by the colonial powers. In fact, through
this case, we see how the Republic of China was
forced to yield to the economic claims of any
European country, even to Spain, which at that
time lacked the coercive or military capacity to
impose its wishes on China. For the writing of this
article, we have used original documentation
from The Archive of Administration, The
Archive of National History; The Archive of
Historical Miner of Red River Fundation; The
Archive of Huelva Province; Archivo of Huelva
Diocesan, and The Archive Nerva Municipal. We
have supplemented this documentation with
the Belgian Foreign Ministry Archive and the
personal archives of Belgian “technicians” led
by "Belgian Mandarin" Paul Splingaerd and his
son Alphonse. They were the managers of the
industrialization process of Gansu Province
launched by the Taotai of Lanzhou Peng Yingjia.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2017 Raúl Ramírez Ruiz
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