The Development History, Characteristics and Trend of Chinese Education in Romania

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.18002/sin.v16i1.7679

Keywords:

Romania; Chinese education; development history; development characteristics; development trend.

Abstract

Throughout sixty years of development, the history of Chinese education in Romania has roughly experienced four stages: the embryonic stage (before 1956), the slow development stage (1956-2005), the rapid development stage (2006-2016), and the in-depth development stage (since 2017). Based on reviewing its development history, this paper provides important information concerning the most significant events, institutions, sinologists, textbooks, and monographs about Chinese education in different periods. From a diachronic perspective, sinology research in Romania on the one hand and language services and policy support from China on the other hand are two crucial factors that have contributed to the development of Chinese language education in Romania; from a synchronic perspective, Romanian Chinese education has built a complete talent training system for undergraduate, master, and Ph.D. However, the development of various universities is uneven; the Confucius Institute is the leading force in Chinese education in primary and secondary schools. The learners of Chinese are of different ages, and the evolution trend focuses on the young ones. The development trend of Chinese education in the new era should focus on localization.

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Author Biographies

Cao Ruihong, Confucius Institute University of Bucarest Bucharest, Romania 010798

Confucius Institute
University of Bucarest
Bucharest, Romania 010798

Luminița Bălan, Faculty of Foreign Languages and Literature University of Bucarest Bucharest, Romania 010798

Faculty of Foreign Languages and Literature
University of Bucarest
Bucharest, Romania 010798

Zhou Jialei, Confucius Institute University of Bucarest Bucharest, Romania 010798

Confucius Institute
University of Bucarest
Bucharest, Romania 010798

Published

2023-05-28 — Updated on 2024-02-15

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How to Cite

Ruihong, C., Bălan, L., & Jialei, Z. (2024). The Development History, Characteristics and Trend of Chinese Education in Romania. Sinología hispánica. China Studies Review, 16(1), 147–166. https://doi.org/10.18002/sin.v16i1.7679 (Original work published May 28, 2023)