Human Capital, Training Pathways and Educational and Professional Guidance in China


  • David Doncel Abad



Educational and Vocational Guidance, Drop-out, Training Pathway, Human Capital, Labor Market.


One of the Government's priorities is to swap from an industrial economy and low salaries to one of Services and high salaries. For this, the government needs to increase the quality of Human Capital, understood as the increase in the average educational level of the population. An educational measure to achieve this goal is to enhance educational and vocational guidance. Orientation is conceived as a measure designed to optimize the adjustment between the education system and labor market. Although it is a measure present in the Chinese educational system before, it is not until 2012, when the government is committed to a model of Educational and
Professional Guidance focused on the development
of the individual's career. The objective of this
paper is to analyze how educational transitions
are from one educational stage to another, and
from one educational level to another, to know
the problems and factors associated with dropped
from school. Once detected the different types
of transition in the Chinese education system.
We contrast it with the theoretical model of
educational and professional guidance focused
on the development of the individual's vocational
career. At the methodological level, a review of
the research and of the databases to be used
is carried out. Finally, the results show how
different itinerary models that Chinese students
take according to their socio-educational profile
do not fit with the theoretical model of Career


Download data is not yet available.

Author Biography

David Doncel Abad

University of Salamanca
Department of Sociology and Communication
37006 Salamanca (Spain)



How to Cite

Doncel Abad, D. (2019). Human Capital, Training Pathways and Educational and Professional Guidance in China. Sinología hispánica. China Studies Review, 7(2), 43–64.