A Pragma-Dialectical Analysis of Chinese Government’s Argumentation: A Case of ‘Comment on Country Report of Human Rights Practice by the U.S. Department of State’
Keywords:argumentation, human rights, pragmatic-dialectics, argumentation structure
This paper, adopting pragma-dialectical
approach, analyses the Chinese government’s
argumentative discourse in response to the
accusation of its human rights practices by
American government, in order to explore the
former’s argumentation in resistance to
America’s hegemony. It takes “Comment on
Country Report of Human Rights Practices by
the U.S. Department of State”, three pieces of
official documents issued by Information Office
of State Council of China (“IOSC”) from 1995 to
1997, as the research texts. It analyses the
claim (standpoint), argument (reason), argument
structure and scheme to find out the
argumentative strategies of IOSC in these four
aspects. It was found that: 1) in terms of
standpoint, IOSC denied the view of U.S. side
that China had human rights abuses in some
parts of its Country Report; 2) in terms of
argument, IOSC mainly provided four types of
reasons: the U.S. counterpart distorted China’s
domestic human rights practices in some cases,
neglected the progress of human rights the
Chinese government had made, took a blind eye
to America’s own severe human rights violations,
and American government’s accusation through
Country Report was the embodiment of
hegemony; 3) As to the argument structure, the
Chinese government adopted non-mixed complex
argumentation with their various types of
multiple, coordinate and subordinate structure
in combination on human rights issue; 4) in
terms of argument scheme, IOSC mainly adopted
symptomatic scheme in its discourse. The study
provides practical values for the improvement
of a development country’s international human
rights discourse in the argumentative lens.
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Copyright (c) 2017 Jin Ruhua
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