Study of the Syntactic Structures of Direct Speech in Spanish and Chinese

Authors

  • Yang Yu Facultad de Filosofía y Letras Universidad de León León, España 24007

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.18002/sin.v9i2.6198

Keywords:

quote, direct speech, syntactic structures, Spanish, Chinese.

Abstract

Quote is one of the general linguistic phenomena. The direct speech and indirect speech are its two primary procedures. As the direct speech is universal and it exists in all languages, in this work we focus on its formal structures in two different languages, the Spanish and the Chinese. The study mainly includes two parts. The first part consists in clarifying theoretical questions about quote from speech acts theory. We illustrate that the minimum unit of the study is utterance, which contains a linguistic statement and a pragmatic modality. The second part is to investigate the direct speech’s formal structures in both languages, such as the syntactic relation (hypotaxis, parataxis or other discursive nature) between the introductory expression and the reproduced part; direct speech’s syntactic variants with a series of pronouns (así-como-cómo) and the different types of the structural
superpositions in the direct speech. The contrasts of the direct speech in these two languages mainly
reside in the orthography and the position of the reproductive framework. In the end, we can conclude
that the characteristic of being universal not only reflects on its use, but also on its formal structures.

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Author Biography

Yang Yu, Facultad de Filosofía y Letras Universidad de León León, España 24007

Facultad de Filosofía y Letras
Universidad de León
León, España 24007

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Published

2020-03-03

How to Cite

Yu, Y. (2020). Study of the Syntactic Structures of Direct Speech in Spanish and Chinese. Sinología hispánica. China Studies Review, 9(2), 151–170. https://doi.org/10.18002/sin.v9i2.6198