Female under-representation in STE: The case of the Federal University of Espírito Santo=Subrepresentación femenina en CTI: El caso de la Universidad Federal de Espírito Santo

Susane Petinelli-Souza, Elisabete Corcetti, Maurício Sartori

Resumen


Abstract

Despite educational advances in Brazil, female representation in science, technology and engineering (STE) is still something to be achieved. Women and men still tend to focus on different areas, on occupational segregation. The aim of the article is to analyze female underrepresentation in the courses at the Technological Center of a public university in Brazil. It was found that the sexual division of labor and education can reinforce certain gender stereotypes. The analyzed data indicate that more men than women take courses in the areas of exact sciences and engineering and that, among women, brown and black women are represented in fewer numbers. Therefore, there is a gender gap in female participation in STE at the investigated university.

Keywords: female underrepresentation; STE; gender; race; Brasil.

 

Resumen

A pesar de los avances educativos en Brasil, la representación femenina en ciencia, tecnología e ingeniería (CTI) es todavía algo por lograr. Las mujeres y los hombres todavía tienden a centrarse en áreas diferentes, en la segregación ocupacional. El objetivo del artículo es analizar la subrepresentación femenina en los cursos del Centro Tecnológico de una universidad pública de Brasil. Se encontró que la división sexual del trabajo y la educación puede reforzar ciertos estereotipos de género. Los datos analizados indican que más hombres que mujeres toman cursos en las áreas de ciencias exactas e ingeniería y que, entre las mujeres, las mujeres morenas y negras están representadas en menor número. Por tanto, existe una brecha de género en la participación femenina en CTI en la universidad investigada.


Palabras clave


female underrepresentation; STE; gender; race; Brasil; subrepresentación femenina; CTI; género, raza, Brasil

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Referencias


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18002/cg.v0i16.6626

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