Efecto de la estigmatización del VIH/SIDA en usuarios de drogas intravenosas en el acceso a los servicios sanitarios según género

Elizabeth Mora Torres, Yina Lizeth García López, Manuela García de la Hera, María del Carmen Davó

Resumen


Resumen

Se ha elaborado un estudio con enfoque cualitativo basado en encuestas semiestructuradas, en el periodo 2007-2008, de usuarios de drogas intravenosas de los Centros de Información y Prevención del Sida. Los profesionales, que atienden de forma esporádica a pacientes VIH los estigmatizan en mayor medida debido a la desinformación, miedo y falta de empatía. Se detecta diferente comportamiento de uso en ex consumidores de drogas. Las mujeres se ajustan más a las normas y son menos conflictivas, se desenganchan más y recaen menos. A las mujeres se les atiende rápidamente en los servicios sanitarios no específicos. Ambos sexos usan estrategias contra la estigmatización.

Abstract

We have performed, in 2007-2008, based upon questionnaires, a qualitative study of intravenous drug abusers from Centres for Information and AIDS prevention. Among health professionals, those who occasionally see AIDS patients do stigmatise them more for lack of information, fear and lack of empathy. Men and women behave differently when they are no longer drug abusers. Women adapt more to the norms, are less conflictive, kick the habit on a larger scale, and relapse less than men. Women are more quickly taken care when accessing non specific health-care services. Both sexes use strategies against stigmatization.



Palabras clave


estigmatización; pacientes VIH; atención sanitaria esporádica; cuestiones de género; usuarios de drogas; stigmatization; HIV patients; occasional health-care; gender issues; drug abusers

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18002/cg.v0i5.3790

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Copyright (c) 2010 Elizabeth Mora Torres, Yina Lizeth García López, Manuela García de la Hera, María del Carmen Davó

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